Velocipede - French vélocipède, from Latin velox (“swift”) + pes (“foot”)
Term used for the chain driven to rear wheel bicycle like the modern bike. The term differentiated it from the grand old Ordinary bicycle
Solid tires were the norm on bicycles from 1872 - 1892. Cushion tires ( hollow or semi solid tires ) were introduced as an improvement to solid tires in 1891 but quickly vanished with the introduction of the pneumatic tire.
An early type of brake usually found on Ordinary and early safety bicycles activated by a hand lever that actuates spoon that drags directly on the tire.